Competencies required for profitable livestock production are generally lacking amongst the emerging livestock producers. Besides restricting this category of farmers from operating profitable enterprises, this shortcoming threatens the long-term sustainability of this sector.

Based on the results of the research conducted by the Red Meat Industry in the year 2000; a report of Section 7 Committee of the National Agricultural Marketing Council (NAMC) and recent observations by ARC, SAMIC and NDA technical staff who were judges in the NERPO competition of the emerging red meat producer of the year 2001, it has been found that the majority of the emerging red meat producers have no:

• Farm production records 
• Farm inventory and financial records 
• Basis in the choice of breeding stock 
• Breeding programme 
• Livestock disease nor parasite control programmes 
• Animal management and handling skills (dehorning, branding, castration, etc.) 
• Targeted market for the sale of their products nor any market information 
• Animal nutritional programme 
• Business acumen and skills 
• Business plans